What Happens When a Borrower Does Not Repay A Gold Loan

Gold loan is a secured loan that lending institutions (Banks and NBFcs) extend to borrowers against their gold articles with an aim to help them meet their financial requirements. Like any other loan, the borrower is required to pay EMI (monthly/quarterly/half-yearly) or principal and accrued interest at the end of the tenor if s/he has chosen bullet repayment mode.

However, at times, due to unexpected circumstances, one is not able to pay their loan on time. If a loan is not paid for a long time, it can have repercussions which the borrower might not know of but will do through this post.

  1. Penal charges: Company is liable to charge penal rate of interest on the loan amount from the due date of loan. However, it is not applicable for agriculture loans up to certain limit
  2. Reminder text messages/call/letter-In case of persisting overdue, the company is bound to send periodic SMS reminders/ call/ email/letter to alert them about the overdue loan amount. In such a scenario, a borrower can reset their repayment schedule by visiting the branch office where he has taken loan from to avoid major contingencies.
  3. Auction: If full repayment of the loan is not made within the period of the loan, the company has the right to sell or otherwise dispose of the gold through public auction at the risk and cost of the borrower. However, the lending institution will inform the borrower about the same, two weeks prior putting up the pledged gold for auction.
  • If there is any surplus on such sale, the company shall have the right to adjust that amount towards any other liability to the company. In other cases, it is refunded to the borrower within 30 days of auction.
  • In case sale proceeds are less than the amount due from the borrower, the company shall have the right to resort to legal proceedings against the borrower to recover the shortfall.

How can you prevent loan repayment default?

If you are stuck in a similar situation, here is what you can do:

  • Communicate your inability to pay on time with the lender. Company may at its sole discretion have the right to further extend the tenure of the loan which will give you enough time to repay your outstanding loan amount.
  • To reduce your due loan amount, you can make part payment of principal with accrued interest.

The probable consequences of defaulting on a gold loan vary from one case to another. Even the action taken on the borrowers who default on their loan payments vary from one lender to another. While one should never default on their loan payments but in case of such an inevitable situation, one must understand what consequences defaulting on the gold loan will bring.